News Brief by Rebecca Moragne
In the United States in 2010 more than 31,600 people died by guns. However, this tragic statistic could drop by more than 80% if three laws were extended nationally. A study led by Boston University analyzed U.S. state laws relating to gun restrictions in 2010, a total of 25, and their effectiveness. Nine of the laws reduced mortality, seven had no effect, and nine adversely increased mortality. These last nine permitted the use of guns for individual self-defense. Out of the nine that actually implemented gun-control, three were extremely effective. These laws required background checks for the purchase of ammunition, universal background checks for the purchase of guns, and firearm identification through ballistic imprinting or microstamping. Bindu Kalesan, the lead author of this report and director of the Evans Center for Translational Epidemiology and Comparative Effectiveness Research at the Boston University School of Medicine stated, “Background checks for all people buying guns and ammunition, including private sales, are the most effective laws we have to reduce the number of deaths in the U.S.”. Background checks on ammunition purchase alone could reduce deaths by guns by 82 percent. In 2010, only seven states in the U.S. had universal background checks. Three laws, let alone one, could reduce gun-related deaths substantially and potentially prevent more than 25,280 deaths per year.
Boston University Medical Center. (2016, March 10). Three state laws that 'substantially reduce'
gun deaths. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 19, 2016 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160310214136.htm